A little different from pantheism is panentheism, the belief that God is both immanent and transcendent, that we all, and trees all, carry a piece of a larger, external, God within us. There is only one horse of the earth and his name is All Horses. There is only one bird in the air and [her] name is All Wings. There is only one fish in the sea and [its] name is All Fins.
Sole vs. Soul: How to Choose the Right Word
We think of the soul in two ways at once: as the spark within us that is uniquely our own, and also as the part of us that makes us part of everything. The paradox is that the deeper inside yourself you go—in prayer, in meditation, in mature self-understand-ing—the closer you come to a sense of belonging in all, and belonging to all. What does this look like in real life, in real time, in the practical, day-to-day, actual, grubby, busy, wonderful, terrible, tangible world where we live?
How does all this fluffy stuff show up? Here is an example:. Our restroom doors have been evolving here, thanks to our administrator, other staff, and many friends and members. We are striving to express as plainly as we can the radical hospitality that is the very core of our religion, and like all theological treatises, the signage on our doors is a work in progress. All are welcome to use the restroom that best fits their identity. Our bathrooms are evolving. Our church email signatures are also shifting, so that staff can indicate the pronouns by which they wish to be addressed and in so doing, invite everyone to whom we write to do the same, to level the ground, the common ground, and name it as open, holy ground.
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- Soul Quotes.
It is no symbolic gesture. Right now some states are passing laws to force transgender people and gender-queer people, some of them young children in their schools, to use bathrooms rigidly assigned by outdated misunderstandings of gender identity and fluidity, forcing people to conform to a binary idea, an ancient, flat-world duality, that can no longer can hold us all. In fact, it never could. We can laugh a little at how on earth and who could possibly enforce this you need to present a birth certificate to pee?
People get hurt over this—physically hurt. People get beaten up over this. They get killed. Each of us has a name…and a spirit, and a soul, a dignified personhood, which may not conform to what others think they see or what they may expect, but which shines brightly. It burns truly, just the same.
As Unitarian Universalists, we are about creating space, open, gracious space, wherein it is safe for the soul to show up, where each single one is honored and the soul of the whole is revered—the holiness within us and within which we all dwell. At least we try to say it. And there are about as many ways to put your foot in it and say the wrong thing as there are people on the planet. I speak from the most glaring, clumsy experience. But we try, and we learn, and take risks, and make mistakes and scatter forgiveness like wildflower seeds, everywhere we go.
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Some names are bestowed on us by other people, names we might or might not claim as truly ours. Self-determination is a radical and sacred act, a human right. When a tiny child just on the edge of words speaks their own name for the first time it is revolutionary; they become a little freedom fighter. I think of that exercise in consciousness-raising in which participants are asked to each name ten things that define them as a person. A son. Life partner to this woman or this man. A widow. A musician.
Irish, Armenian, African, Dutch. A survivor of abuse or cancer or war. A lover of orchids or baseball, online gaming or golf. You list ten things, and then, in this exercise, you have to take two away, just cross them out. The exercise is about what exclusion feels like, what invisibility or prejudice feels like. All these relationships defining you are connected, and the stories are connected, the legacies, losses, accomplishments, choices—these things are so finely intertwined with your original being that the weave can never be unwoven.
And the Lord God created Adam from dust of the ground, and breathed upon his face the breath of lives, and it became in Adam a Discoursing Spirit.
The L ORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath [neshemah] of life; and man became a living [chay] soul. And out of the ground the L ORD God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam called every living [chay] creature, [nephesh] that was the name thereof.
The New Testament counterpart to the Old Testament word for soul, nephesh , is psyche. The two words carry a similar range of meanings. The concept of an immaterial soul separate from and surviving the body is common today but according to modern scholars, it was not found in ancient Hebrew beliefs. By the 3rd century, with the influence of Origen , the traditions of the inherent immortality of the soul and its divine nature were established.
heart and soul
The modern scholarly consensus holds that the canonical teaching of the Old Testament made no reference to an immortal soul independent of the body. Many [ who? From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This section relies too much on references to primary sources. Please improve this section by adding secondary or tertiary sources. October Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: Christian mortalism. Main article: Immortality of the soul.
Human beings, like the beasts of the field, are made of "dust of the earth," and at death they return to that dust Gen. The Hebrew word nephesh , traditionally translated "living soul" but more properly understood as "living creature," is the same word used for all breathing creatures and refers to nothing immortal. Bodies of thought: science, religion, and the soul in the early Enlightenment. For mortalists the Bible did not teach the existence of a separate immaterial or immortal soul and the word 'soul' simply meant 'life'; the doctrine of a separate soul was said to be a Platonic importation.
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The creation narrative is clear that all life originates with God. Yet the Hebrew scripture offers no specific understanding of the origin of individual souls, of when and how they become attached to specific bodies, or of their potential existence, apart from the body, after death. The reason for this is that, as we noted at the beginning, the Hebrew Bible does not present a theory of the soul developed much beyond the simple concept of a force associated with respiration, hence, a life-force.
In Achtemeier; Harper; Row eds. See also Flesh and Spirit; Human Being. In Wolfe, Gregory ed. The New Religious Humanists. The Free press. The crucial test is probably Genesis , which gives the process by which Adam was created: 'The Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life: and man became a living soul. They conclude that the formula for man-making is man equals body plus soul.
But that conclusion cannot be derived, except by violence, from Genesis , which is not dualistic. The formula given in Genesis is not man equals body plus soul; the formula there is soul equals dust plus breath. According to this verse, God did not make a body and put a soul into it, like a letter into an envelope. He formed man of dust; then, by breathing His breath into it, He made the dust live.
The dust, formed as man and made to live, did not embody a soul, it became a soul-that is, a whole creature. Humanity is thus presented to us, in Adam, not as a creature of two discrete parts temporarily glued together but as a single mystery. The Cambridge history of seventeenth-century philosophy.
But among philosophers they were perhaps equally notorious for their commitment to the mortalist heresy; this is the doctrine which denies the existence of a naturally immortal soul.
What Is The Soul?
Western political thought: a bibliographical guide to post-war research. Piety and humanity: essays on religion and early modern political philosophy. In Leviathan, soul and body are one; there are no "separated essenses [ sic ]"; death means complete death - the soul, merely another word for life, or breath, ceases at the death of the body.
This view of the soul is known as Christian mortalism - a heterodox view held, indeed, by some sincere believers and not unique to Hobbes. The coherence of Hobbes's Leviathan: civil and religious authority combined. Their love, their hate and their jealousy have long since vanished; never again will they have a part in anything that happens under the sun. Death and eternal life. Eternity and eternal life: speculative theology and science in discourse.
Thus the so-called Ganztodtheorie , or mortalism, states that with death the human person totally ceases to be.